The Gospel Of Bartholomewrejected Scriptures

Texte und Untersuchungen zur Geschichte derAltchristlichen Literatur 38.4 (1912)

  1. The Gospel Of Bartholomewrejected Scriptures John Hagee
  2. The Gospel Of Bartholomew
  3. Gospel Of Bartholomew
  4. The Gospel Of Bartholomewrejected Scriptures Study
  5. The Gospel Of Bartholomewrejected Scriptures Worship
  1. The Gospel According to Mark. The Proclamation of John the Baptist. 1 The beginning of the good news. of Jesus Christ, the Son of God. 2 As it is written in the prophet Isaiah,. ‘See, I am sending my messenger ahead of you,. who will prepare your way; 3 the voice of one crying out in the wilderness: “Prepare the way of the Lord.
  2. What is Bartholomew, Gospel Of? Definition and meaning:BARTHOLOMEW, GOSPEL OF See APOCRYPHAL GOSPELS;.
  3. Scripture facts on Bartholomew, Gospel Of. Bible encyclopedia for study of the Bible.

THE 'DECRETUM GELASIANUM DE LIBRIS RECIPIENDISET NON RECIPIENDIS'

(English translation - RP,part V checked against Hennecke-Schneemelcher I p.38-40.)

Other Disputed: Didache, Letter of Barnabas, Shepherd of Hermas, Gospel according to the Hebrews, and Acts of Paul-Eusebius of Caesarea (bishop of Palestine from 314 – 339) Ecclesiastical History: Acknowledged: 4 Gospels, Acts, Pauline Epistles, 1 John, 1 Peter, Revelation. Disputed, but Recognized by Majority: James, Jude, 2 Peter, 2 and 3 John.

Ernst von Dobschütz

HERE BEGINS THE COUNCIL OF ROME UNDER POPE DAMASUS 'ON EXPLAININGTHE FAITH'

I. It was said:

1. Firstly the seven-fold Spirit which remains in Christshould be discussed:

the spirit of wisdom: 'Christ the power and wisdom of God'.
the spirit of understanding: 'I will give you understanding, and I will instructyou in the way you will go'.
the spirit of counsel: 'And his name is called the messenger of greatcounsel'.
the spirit of virtues: as above, 'The power of God and the wisdom of God'.
the spirit of knowledge: 'Because of the eminence of the knowledge of theapostle of Christ Jesus'.
the spirit of truth: 'I am the way the life and the truth'.
the spirit of the fear of God: 'The fear of the Lord is the beginning ofwisdom'.

2. However the dispensation of Christ has a name of manyforms:

God, who is spirit;
the word, who is God;
the Son, who is only-begotten of the Father;
the man, who was born of the virgin;
the priest, who offered himself as a sacrifice;
the shepherd, who is the guard;
the worm, who rose from the dead;
the mountain, which is strong;
the way, which is straight;
the harbour, which one may pass through into life;
the lamb, which was slain;
the stone, which is the cornerstone;
the master, who is the bringer of life;
the sun, which is the illuminator;
the true, which is of the Father;
the life, which is the creator;
the bread, which is dear;
the Samaritan, who is the guard and the merciful;
the Christ, who is the anointed one;
Jesus, who is the saviour;
God, who is from God;
the messenger, who was sent;
the bridegroom, who is the mediator;
the vine, by whose own blood we are redeemed;
the lion, who is king;
the rock, which is the foundation;
the flower, which is chosen;
the prophet, who revealed the future.

3. For the Holy Spirit is not of the Father only or of the Son only, butof the Father and the Son; for it is written: 'He whodelights in the world, the Spirit of the Father is not in him'; again itis written; 'However anyone who does not have the Spirit of Christ, doesnot belong to him'. So the Holy Spirit is understood to be called of theFather and the Son, [and] of whom the Son himself in the gospel says thatthe Holy Spirit 'proceeds from the Father' and 'he will receive from me and hewill make known to you'.

II. Likewise it was said:

Now indeed the issue of the divine scriptures must be discussed, which theuniversal Catholic church receives or which it is required to avoid.

1. THIS IS THE ORDER OF THE OLDTESTAMENT:
Genesisone book
Exodusone book
Leviticusone book
Numbersone book
Deuteronomyone book
Joshuaone book
Judgesone book
Ruthone book
Kingsfour books
Chroniclestwo books
150 Psalmsone book
Three books of Solomon
proverbs
one book
ecclesiastes
one book
song of songs
one book
The same of Wisdomone book
ecclesiasticus
one book
2. LIKEWISE THE ORDER OF THE PROPHETS:
Isaiahone book
Jeremiahone book
with Cinoth i.e. his lamentations
Ezechielone book
Danielone book
Hoseaone book
Amosone book
Micahone book
Joelone book
Obadiahone book
Jonahone book
Nahumone book
Habbakukone book
Zephaniahone book
Haggaione book
Zechariahone book
Malachione book
3. LIKEWISE THE ORDER OF THE HISTORIES:
Jobone book
Tobitone book
Esdrastwo books
Esterone book
Judithone book
Maccabeestwo books
4. LIKEWISE THE ORDER OF THE SCRIPTURES OFTHE NEW TESTAMENT which the holy and catholic Roman church upholdsand is venerated:
Four books of the Gospels
according to Mathew
one book
according to Mark
one book
according to Luke
one book
according to John
one book
Likewise the acts of the apostlesone book
The letters of the apostle Paul in number fourteen
to the Romans
one letter
to the Corinthians
two letters
to the Ephesians
one letter
to the Thesalonians
two letters
to the Galatians
one letter
to the Philippians
one letter
to the Colossians
one letter
to Timothy
two letters
to Titus
one letter
to the Philemon
one letter
to the Hebrews
one letter
Likewise the apocalypse of Johnone book
Likewise the canonical [catholic] letters in number seven
of the apostle Petertwo letters
of the apostle Jamesone letter
of the apostle Johnone letter
of the other John the eldertwo letters
of the apostle Judas the Zealotone letter

HERE ENDS THE CANON OF THE NEW TESTAMENT.

III. Likewise it was said:

The manuscripts of the shorter recension beginat this point, with the following heading:

HERE BEGINS THE DECRETAL 'ON BOOKS TO BE RECEIVED AND NOT TO BERECEIVED' WHICH WAS WRITTEN BY POPE GELASIUS AND SEVENTY MOST ERUDITE BISHOPSAT THE APOSTOLIC SEAT IN THE CITY OF ROME

Both versions then continue as follows:

1. After all these [writings of] the prophetsand the evangelical and apostolic scriptures which we discussed above, onwhich the catholic church is founded by the grace of God, we also have thoughtnecessary to say what, although the universal catholic church diffused throughoutthe world is the single bride of Christ, however the holy Roman church is givenfirst place by the rest of the churches without [the need for] a synodicaldecision, but from the voice of the Lord our saviour in the gospel obtainedprimacy: 'Youare Peter,' he said, 'and upon this rock I shall build my church and the gatesof hell shall not prevail against it; and to you I give the keys of the kingdomof heaven, and whatever you shall bind upon Earth shall be bound also inheaven and whatever you release upon Earth shall also be released in heaven'.

2. In addition there is also the presence of the blessedapostle Paul, 'the chosen vessel', who not in opposition, as the heresies jabber,but on the same date and the same day was crowned in glorious death with Peterin the city of Rome suffering under Nero Caesar; and equally they made theabove-mentioned holy Roman church special in Christ the Lord and gave preferencein their presence and veneration-worthy triumph before all other cities in thewhole world.

3. Therefore first is the seat at the Roman church of theapostle Peter 'having no spot or wrinkle or any other [defect]'.

However thesecond place was given in the name of blessed Peter to Mark his disciple andgospel-writer at Alexandria, and who himself wrote down the word of truth directedby Peter the apostle in Egypt and gloriously consummated [his life] inmartyrdom.

Indeed the third place is held at Antioch of the most blessed andhonourable apostle Peter, who lived there before he came toRoma and where first the name of the new race of the Christians washeard.

IV. And although 'no other foundation can be established exceptthat which has been established, Christ Jesus', however for edification likewisethe holy Roman church after the books of the Old and New Testaments which we have enumerated above according to the canon also does not prohibitthe reception of these writings:

1. the holy synod of Nicaea of 318 fathers chaired by theEmperor Constantine the Great,

at which the heretic Arius was condemned; the holy synod of Constantinople chaired by Theodosius the senior Augustus, at which the heretic Macedonius escaped his deserved condemnation;

the holy synod of Ephesus, at which Nestorius was condemned with the consentof the blessed pope Caelestinus chaired by Cyril of Alexandria in themagistrate's seat and by Arcadius the bishopsent from Italy;

the holy synod of Chalcedon chaired by Marcian Augustus and by AnatoliusBishop of Constantinople, at which the Nestorian et Eutychian heresies togetherwith Dioscorus and his sympathisers were condemned.

but also if there are councils hitherto held by the holy fathers of lesser authority than those four, we have decreed [that] they must be both kept and received. Here added below is on the works of the holy fathers, which are received in the catholic church.

Likewise the works of blessed Caecilius Cyprian the martyr and Bishop ofCarthage;
likewise the works of blessed Gregory Nanzanensis the bishop;
likewise the works of blessed Basil Bishop of Cappadocia;
likewise the works of blessed John Bishop of Constantinople;
likewise the works of blessed Theophilus Bishop of Alexandria;
likewise the works of blessed Cyril Bishop of Alexandria;
likewise the works of blessed Bishop Hilary of Poitiers;
likewise the works of blessed Ambrosius Bishop of Milan;
likewise the works of blessed Augustine Bishop of Hippo;
likewise the works of blessed Jerome the priest;
likewise the works of blessed Prosper a most religious man;

3. likewise the letter of blessed pope Leo sent to FlavianBishop of Constantinople, of which text however if any portion is disputedand it is not that anciently received by all, let it be anathema;

likewise the works and every treatise of all the orthodox fathers, whodeviated in nothing from the common [teaching] of the holy Roman church, neitherseparated from its faith or worship but remained in communion by the grace ofGod to the last day of their life, we decree are to be read;

The Gospel Of Bartholomewrejected Scriptures

likewise thedecretal/official letters, which blessed popes gave for the consideration ofvarious fathers at various times from the city of Rome, are to be upheldreverently;

4. likewise the deeds of the holy martyrs, who areglorious from the manifold tortures on the rack and their wonderful triumphs ofsteadfastness. Who of the catholics doubts that most of them would be enduringstill in agonies with their full strength but would bear it by the grace of Godand the help of everyone? but according to old custom by the greatest cautionthey are not read in the holy Roman church, because the names of those who wroteare not properly known and separate from unbelievers and idiots or [theaccounts] are thought less attached to the order of events than they should havebeen; for instance the [accounts of] Cyricus and Julitta, like Georgiusand the sufferings of others like these which appear to have been composed byheretics. On account of this, as it was said, so that no pretext forcasual mockery can arise, they are not read in the holy Roman church. However wevenerate together with the aforesaid church all the martyrs and their glorioussufferings, which are well known to God and men, with every devotion;

likewise the lives of the fathers Paul,Antony and Hilarion which with all the hermits described by that blessed man Jerome we receive with honour;

likewisethe acts of blessed Silvester bishop of the apostolic seat, although the name of him who wrote [them] is unknown, [but] we know to be read by manycatholics however in the city of Rome and because of the ancient use of themultitude this is imitated by the church;

likewise the writings on the finding of the cross and certain other novelwritings on the finding of the head of the blessed John the Baptist are romancesand some of them are read by catholics; but when these come into the hand ofcatholics, the saying of Paul the blessed apostle should be <considered>first: 'prove all things, hold fast to what is good'.

likewise Rufinus, a most religious man, work many books of ecclesiasticalworks, also some interpreting the scriptures; but since the venerable Jeromenoted that he took arbitary liberties in some of them, we think those[acceptable] which we know the aforesaid blessed Jerome thought [acceptable];and not only those of Rufinus, but also [those] of anyone whom that man oftenremembered for his zeal for God and for the religion of faith criticised.

likewise some works of Origen, which the blessed man Jerome does not reject,we receive to be read, but we say that the rest with their author must berefused.

likewise the chronicle of Eusebius of Caesarea and the books of his churchhistory, however much he fell flat in the first book of his narration and[although he also] afterwards wrote one book in praise and to excuse Origen theschismatic, however on account of his narration of remarkable things, which areuseful for instruction, we do not say to anyone that it must be refused.

likewisewe praise Orosius a most erudite man, who wrote a very necessary history for usagainst the calumnies of the pagans and and with marvellous brevity.

likewisethe paschal work of that venerable man Sedulius, which was written in heroicverses [hexameters], we give preference to with manifest praise.

likewise the laborious work ofIuvencus we nevertheless do not spurn but are amazed by.

V. The remaining writings which have been compiled orbeen recognised by heretics or schismatics the Catholic and Apostolic RomanChurch does not in any way receive; of these we have thought it right to citebelow a few which have been handed down and which are to be avoided by catholics:

LIKEWISEA LIST OF APOCRYPHAL BOOKS

firstly we confess that the synod of Sirmium calledtogether by Constantius Caesar the son of Constantine through the PrefectTaurus is damned then and now and for ever.
the Itinerary in the name of Peter the apostle, which is called the nine books of the holy Clementapocryphal
the Acts in the name of the apostle Andrewapocryphal
the Acts in the name of the apostle Thomasapocryphal
the Acts in the name of the apostle Peterapocryphal
the Acts in the name of the apostle Philipapocryphal
the Gospel in the name of Mathiasapocryphal
the Gospel in the name of Barnabasapocryphum
the Gospel in the name of James the youngerapocryphum
the Gospel in the name of the apostle Peterapocryphum
the Gospel in the name of Thomas which the Manichaeans useapocryphum
the Gospels in the name of Bartholomewapocrypha
the Gospels in the name of Andrewapocrypha
the Gospels which Lucianus forgedapocrypha
the Gospels which Hesychius forgedapocrypha
the book on the infancy of the saviourapocryphus
the book of the nativity of the saviour and of Mary or the midwifeapocryphus
the book which is called by the name of the Shepherdapocryphus
all the books which Leucius the disciple of the devil madeapocryphi
the book which is called the Foundationapocryphus
the book which is called the Treasureapocryphus
the book of the daughters of Adam Leptogeneseosapocryphus
the cento on Christ put together in Virgilian versesapocryphum
the book which is called the Acts of Thecla and Paulapocryphus
the book which is called Nepos'sapocryphus
the books of Proverbs written by heretics and prefixed with the name of holy Sixtus apocryphus
the Revelation which is called Paul'sapocrypha
the Revelation which is called Thomas'sapocrypha
the Revelation which is called Stephen'sapocrypha
the book which is called the Assumption of holy Maryapocryphus
the book which is called the Repentance of Adamapocryphus
the book about Og the giant of whom the heretics assert that after the deluge he fought with the dragonapocryphus
the book which is called the Testament of Jobapocryphus
the book which is called the Repentance of Origenapocryphus
the book which is called the Repentance of holy Cyprianapocryphus
the book which is called the Repentance of Jamne and Mambreapocryphus
the book which is called the Lots of the apostlesapocryphus
the book which is called the grave-plate (?) of the apostlesapocryphus
the book which is called the canons of the apostlesapocryphus
the book Physiologus written by heretics and prefixed with the name of blessed Ambroseapocryphus
the History of Eusebius Pamphiliiapocrypha
the works of Tertullianapocrypha
the works of Lactantius also known as Firmianusapocrypha
the works of Africanusapocrypha
the works of Postumianus and Gallusapocrypha
the works of Montanus, Priscilla and Maximillaapocrypha
the works of Faustus the Manichaeanapocrypha
the works of Commodianapocrypha
the works of the other Clement, of Alexandriaapocrypha
the works of Thascius Cyprianusapocrypha
the works of Arnobiusapocrypha
the works of Tichoniusapocrypha
the works of Cassian the Gallic priestapocrypha
the works of Victorinus of Pettauapocrypha
the works of Faustus of Riez in Gaulapocrypha
the works of Frumentius Caecusapocrypha
the cento on Christ stitched together from verses of Virgilapocryphum
the Letter from Jesus to Abgarapocrypha
the Letter of Abgar to Jesusapocrypha
the Passion of Cyricus and Julittaapocrypha
the Passion of Georgiusapocrypha
the writing which is called the Interdiction of Solomonapocrypha
all amulets which are compiled not in the name of the angels as they pretend but are written in the names of great demonsapocrypha

These and those similar ones, which Simon Magus, Nicolaus, Cerinthus, Marcion,Basilides, Ebion, Paul of Samosata, Photinus and Bonosus, whosuffered from similar error, also Montanus with his obscene followers,Apollinaris, Valentinus the Manichaean, Faustus the African, Sabellius,Arius, Macedonius, Eunomius, Novatus, Sabbatius, Calistus, Donatus, Eustasius, Jovianus, Pelagius,Julian of Eclanum, Caelestius, Maximian, Priscillian fromSpain, Nestorius of Constantinople, Maximus the Cynic, Lampetius, Dioscorus,Eutyches, Peter and the other Peter, ofwhom one disgraced Alexandria and the other Antioch, Acacius of Constantinople with hisassociates, and what also all disciples ofheresy and of the heretics and schismatics, whose names we have scarcelypreserved, have taught or compiled, we acknowledge is to be not merelyrejected but eliminated from the whole Roman Catholic and Apostolic Church and withtheir authors and the followers of its authors to be damned in the inextricable shackles of anathemaforever.

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The Gospel of Bartholomew

From 'The Apocryphal New Testament'
M. R. James-Translation and Notes
Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1924

Introduction by M. R. James

Jerome, in the prologue to his Commentary on Matthew, mentions a number ofapocryphal Gospels -those according to the Egyptians, Thomas, Matthias, Bartholomew, theTwelve, Basilides, and Apelles: probably he depends upon Origen, for he himself disliked andavoided apocryphal books, with few exceptions; the Gospel according to the Hebrews, forinstance, he hardly reckoned as apocryphal. Of this Gospel of Bartholomew we have no sort ofdescription: we find it condemned in the Gelasian Decree, which may mean either that thecompiler of the Decree knew a book of that name, or that he took it on trust from Jerome. In thepseudo-Dionysian writings two sentences are quoted from 'the divine Bartholomew,' and a thirdhas just been brought to light from the kindred 'book of Hierotheus'. But one cannot be sure thatthese writers are quoting real books.

We have, however, a writing attributed to Bartholomew which attained some popularity;the manuscripts do not call it a Gospel, but the Questions of Bartholomew. It contains ancient elements, and I think that MM. Wilmart and Tisserant have made out their claim that it at leastrepresents the old Gospel. I therefore give a translation of it here.

It exists in three languages, and not, apparently, in a very original form in any of them:Greek is the original language, of which we have two manuscripts, at Vienna and Jerusalem; Latin1, consisting of two leaves of extracts, of the ninth century; Latin 2, complete: see below;Slavonic (i-iv. 15). The Greek text may be as old as the fifth century; the Latin 2 of the sixth orseventh.

In the Revue Biblique for 1913 the Latin fragments and a fresh Greek text were publishedby MM. Wilmart and Tisserant, with the variants of the other authorities and in 1921-2 yetanother text, a complete Latin one, appeared in the same periodical, edited by Professor Moriccafrom a manuscript in the Casanatensian library at Rome in which the text is, in parts,tremendously expanded. This copy is of the eleventh century and came from the monastery ofMonte Amiata. The Latin is exceedingly incorrect, and there are many corruptions, andinterpolations which extend to whole pages of closely printed text. I cite it as Lat. 2.

I take the Greek and Slavonic, where they exist, as the basis of my version, and add somepassages from the Latin. The main topics, common to two or more of the texts, are:

i. The descent into Hell: the number of souls saved and lost.

ii. The Virgin's account of the Annunciation.

iii. The apostles see the bottomless pit.

iv. The devil is summoned and gives an account of his doings.

v. Questions about the deadly sins. Commission of the apostles to preach. Departure of Christ. (This reads like a late addition.)

GOSPEL (QUESTIONS) OF ST. BARTHOLOMEW

(the opening 3 verses are given from each of the three texts)

Greek. 1 After the resurrection from the dead of our Lord Jesus Christ, Bartholomewcame unto the Lord and questioned him, saying: Lord, reveal unto me the mysteries of theheavens.

2 Jesus answered and said unto him: If I put off the body of the flesh, I shall not beable to tell them unto thee.

3 Om.

Slavonic. 1 Before the resurrection of our Lord Jesus Christ from the dead, the apostlessaid: Let us question the Lord: Lord, reveal unto us the wonders.

2 And Jesus said unto them: If I put off the body of the flesh, I cannot tell themunto you.

3 But when he was buried and risen again, they all durst not question him, because it wasnot to look upon him, but the fullness of his Godhead was seen.

4 But Bartholomew, &c.

Latin 2. At that time, before the Lord Jesus Christ suffered, all the disciples weregathered together, questioning him and saying: Lord, show us the mystery in the heavens.

2 But Jesus answered and said unto them: If I put not off the body of flesh I cannot tellyou.

3 But after that he had suffered and risen again, all the apostles, looking upon him, durstnot question him, because his countenance was not as it had been aforetime, but showed forth thefullness of power.

Greek. 4 Bartholomew therefore drew near unto the Lord and said: I have a word tospeak unto thee, Lord.

5 And Jesus said to him: I know what thou art about to say; say then what thou wilt, andI will answer thee.

6 And Bartholomew said: Lord, when thou wentest to be hanged upon the cross, Ifollowed thee afar off and saw thee hung upon the cross, and the angels coming down fromheaven and worshipping thee. And when there came darkness, 7 I beheld, and I saw thee thatthou wast vanished away from the cross and I heard only a voice in the parts under the earth, andgreat wailing and gnashing of teeth on a sudden. Tell me, Lord, whither wentest thou from thecross?

8 And Jesus answered and said: Blessed art thou, Bartholomew, my beloved, becausethou sawest this mystery, and now will I tell thee all things whatsoever thou askest me. 9 Forwhen I vanished away from the cross, then went I down into Hades that I might bring up Adamand all them that were with him, according to the supplication of Michael the archangel.

10 Then said Bartholomew: Lord, what was the voice which was heard?

11 Jesus saith unto him: Hades said unto Beliar: As I perceive, a God cometh hither. [Slavonic and Latin 2 continue:] And the angels cried unto the powers, saying: Remove your gates,ye princes, remove the everlasting doors, for behold the King of glory cometh down.

12 Hades said: Who is the King of glory, that cometh down from heaven unto us?

13 And when I had descended five hundred steps, Hades was troubled, saying: I hear thebreathing of the Most High, and I cannot endure it. (latin 2. He cometh with great fragrance and Icannot bear it.) 14 But the devil answered and said: Submit not thyself, O Hades, but be strong:for God himself hath not descended upon the earth. 15 But when I had descended yet fivehundred steps, the angels and the powers cried out: Take hold, remove the doors, for behold theKing of glory cometh down. And Hades said: O, woe unto me, for I hear the breath of God.]

Greek. 16-17 And Beliar said unto Hades: Look carefully who it is that, for itis Elias, or Enoch, or one of the prophets that this man seemeth to me to be. But Hades answeredDeath and said: Not yet are six thousand years accomplished. And whence are these, O Beliar;for the sum of the number is in mine hands.

[Slavonic. 16 And the devil said unto Hades: Why affrightest thou me, Hades? it is aprophet, and he hath made himself like unto God: this prophet will we take and bring him hitherunto those that think to ascend into heaven. 17 And Hades said: Which of the prophets is it? Show me: Is it Enoch the scribe of righteousness? But God hath not suffered him to come downupon the earth before the end of the six thousand years. Sayest thou that it is Elias, the avenger?But before

23 Again Bartholomew said: Lord, I saw the angels ascending before Adam and singingpraises.

24 But one of the angels which was very great, above the rest, would not ascend up withthem: and there was in his hand a sword of fire, and he was looking steadfastly upon theeonly.

[Slav. 25 And all the angels besought him that he would go up with them, but he wouldnot. But when thou didst command him to go up, I beheld a flame of fire issuing out of his handsand going even unto the city of Jerusalem.

26 And Jesus said unto him: Blessed art thou, Bartholomew my beloved because thou sawest these mysteries. This was one of the angels of vengeance which stand before my Father's throne: and this angel sent he unto me.

27 And for this cause he would not ascend up, because he desired to destroy all the powers of the world. But when I commanded him to ascend up, there went a flame out of his hand and rent asunder the veil of the temple, and parted it in two pieces for a witness unto the children of Israel for my passion because they crucified me. (Lat. 1. But the flame which thou sawest issuing out of his hands smote the house of the synagogue of the Jews, for a testimony of me wherein they crucified me.)].

Greek. 28 And when he had thus spoken, he said unto the apostles: Tarry for me in thisplace, for today a sacrifice is offered in paradise. 29 And Bartholomew answered and said untoJesus: Lord, what is the sacrifice which is offered in paradise? And Jesus said: There be souls ofthe righteous which to-day have departed out of the body and go unto paradise, and unless I be

30 And Bartholomew said: Lord, how many souls depart out of the world daily? Jesussaith unto him: Thirty thousand.

31 Bartholomew saith unto him: Lord, when thou wast with us teaching the word, didstthou receive the sacrifices in paradise? Jesus answered and said unto him: Verily I say unto thee,my beloved, that I both taught the word with you and continually sat with my Father, andreceived the sacrifices in paradise everyday. 32 Bartholomew answered and said unto him: Lord,if thirty thousand souls depart out of the world every day, how many souls out of them are foundrighteous? Jesus saith unto him: Hardly fifty [three] my beloved. 33 Again Bartholomew saith: And how do three only enter into paradise? Jesus saith unto him: The [fifty] three enter intoparadise or are laid up in Abraham's bosom: but the others go into the place of the resurrection,for the three are not like unto the fifty.

34 Bartholomew saith unto him: Lord, how many souls above the number are born intothe world daily? Jesus saith unto him: One soul only is born above the number of them thatdepart.[30, &c., Latin 1. Bartholomew said: How many are the souls which depart out of thebody every day? Jesus said: Verily I say unto thee, twelve (thousand) eight hundred, four scoreand three souls depart out of the body every day.]

35 And when he had said this he gave them the peace, and vanished away from them.

The Gospel Of Bartholomewrejected Scriptures John Hagee

II

1 Now the apostles were in the place [Cherubim, Cheltoura, Chritir] with Mary.

2 And Bartholomew came and said unto Peter and Andrew and John: Let us ask her that is highly favoured how she conceived the incomprehensible, or how she bare him that cannot be carried, or how she brought forth so much greatness. But they doubted to ask her.

3 Bartholomew therefore said unto Peter: Thou that art the chief, and my teacher, draw near and ask her. But Peter said to John: Thou art a virgin and undefiled (and beloved) and thou must ask her.

4 And as they all doubted and disputed, Bartholomew came near unto her with a cheerfulcountenance and said to her: Thou that art highly favoured, the tabernacle of the Most High,unblemished we, even all the apostles, ask thee (or All the apostles have sent me to ask thee) totell us how thou didst conceive the incomprehensible, or how thou didst bear him that cannot be

5 But Mary said unto them: Ask me not (or Do ye indeed ask me) concerning thismystery. If I should begin to tell you, fire will issue forth out of my mouth and consume all theworld.

6 But they continued yet the more to ask her. And she, for she could not refuse to hearthe apostles, said: Let us stand up in prayer.

7 And the apostles stood behind Mary: but she said unto Peter: Peter, thou chief, thou great pillar, standest thou behind us? Said not our Lord: the head of the man is Christ

10 The apostles say unto her: Thou oughtest to pray, thou art the mother of the heavenlyking.

11 Mary saith unto them: In your likeness did God form the sparrows, and sent them forth into the four corners of the world.

12 But they say unto her: He that is scarce contained by the

13 Then Mary stood up before them and spread out her hands toward the heaven andbegan to speak thus: Elphue Zarethra Charboum Nemioth Melitho Thraboutha MephnounosChemiath Aroura Maridon Elison Marmiadon Seption Hesaboutha Ennouna Saktinos AthoorBelelam Opheoth Abo Chrasar (this is the reading of one Greek copy: the others and the Slavonichave many differences as in all such cases: but as the original words-assuming them to have oncehad a meaning-are hopelessly corrupted, the matter is not of importance), which is in the Greektongue(Hebrew, Slav.): O God the exceeding great and all-wise and king of the worlds (ages),that art not to be described, the ineffable, that didst establish the greatness of the heavens and allthings by a word, that out of darkness (or the unknown) didst constitute and fasten together thepoles of heaven in harmony, didst bring into shape the matter that was in confusion, didst bringinto order the things that were without order, didst part the misty darkness from the light, didstestablish in one place the foundations of the waters, thou that makest the beings of the air totremble, and art the fear of them that are on (or under) the earth, that didst settle the earth and notsuffer it to perish, and filledst it, which is the nourisher of all things, with showers of blessing: (Son of) the Father, thou whom the seven heavens hardly contained, but who wast well-pleased tobe contained without pain in me, thou that art thyself the full word of the Father in whom allthings came to be: give glory to thine exceeding great name, and bid me to speak before thy holy

14 And when she had ended the prayer she began to say unto them: Let us sit down uponthe ground; and come thou, Peter the chief, and sit on my right hand and put thy left hand beneathmine armpit; and thou, Andrew, do so on my left hand; and thou, John, the virgin, hold togethermy bosom; and thou, Bartholomew, set thy knees against my back and hold my shoulders, lestwhen I begin to speak my bones be loosed one from another.

15 And when they had so done she began to say: When I abode in the temple of God andreceived my food from an angel, on a certain day there appeared unto me one in the likeness of anangel, but his face was incomprehensible, and he had not in his hand bread or a cup, as did theangel which came to me aforetime.

16 And straightway the robe (veil) of the temple was rent and there was a very greatearthquake, and I fell upon the earth, for I was not able to endure the sight of him.

17 But he put his hand beneath me and raised me up, and I looked up into heaven and there came a cloud of dew and sprinkled me from the head to the feet, and he wiped me with his robe.

18 And said unto me: Hail, thou that art highly favoured, the chosen vessel, grace inexhaustible. And he smote his garment upon the right hand and there came a very great loaf, and he set it upon the altar of the temple and did eat of it first himself, and gave unto me also.

19 And again he smote his garment upon the left hand and there came a very great cup full of wine: and he set it upon the altar of the temple and did drink of it first himself, and gave also unto me. And I beheld and saw the bread and the cup whole as they were.

20 And he said unto me: Yet three years, and I will send my word unto thee and thenshalt conceive my (or a) son, and through him shall the whole creation be saved. Peace be unto

21 And when he had so said he vanished away from mine eyes, and the temple wasrestored as it had been before.

22 And as she was saying this, fire issued out of her mouth; and the world was at the pointto come to an end: but Jesus appeared quickly (lat. 2, and laid his hand upon her mouth) and saidunto Mary: Utter not this mystery, or this day my whole creation will come to an end (Lat. 2, andthe flame from her mouth ceased). And the apostles were taken with fear lest haply the Lordshould be wroth with them.

III

1 And he departed with them unto the mount Mauria

(Lat. 2, Mambre), and sat in the midst of them. 2 But they doubted to question him, being afraid.

3 And Jesus answered and said unto them: Ask me what ye will that I should teach you, and I will show it you. For yet seven days, and I ascend unto my Father, and I shall no more be seen of you in this likeness.

4 But they, yet doubting, said unto him: Lord, show us the deep (abyss) according unto thy promise.

5 And Jesus said unto them: It is not good (Lat. 2, is good) for you to see the deep: notwithstanding, if ye desire it, according to my promise, come, follow me and behold.

6 And he led them away into a place that is called Cherubim (Cherukt Slav., Chairoudee Gr., Lat. 2 omits), that is the place of truth.

7 And he beckoned unto the angels of the West and the earth was rolled up like a volume of a book and the deep was revealed unto them.

8 And when the apostles saw it they fell on their faces upon the earth.

9 But Jesus raised them up, saying: Said I not unto you, 'It is not good for you to see the deep'. And again he beckoned unto the angels, and the deep was covered up.

IV

1 And he took them and brought them again unto the Mount of olives.

2 And Peter said unto Mary: Thou that art highly favoured, entreat the Lord that hewould reveal unto us the things that are in the heavens.

3 And Mary said unto Peter: O stone hewn out of the rock, did not the Lord build hischurch upon thee? Go thou therefore first and ask him.

4 Peter saith again: O tabernacle that art spread abroad . 5Mary saith: Thou art the image of Adam: was not he first formed and then Eve? Look upon thesun, that according to the likeness of Adam it is bright. and upon the moon, that because of thetransgression of Eve it is full of clay. For God did place Adam in the east and Eve in the west,and appointed the lights that the sun should shine on the earth unto Adam in the east in his fierychariots, and the moon in the west should give light unto Eve with a countenance like milk. Andshe defiled the commandment of the Lord. Therefore was the moon stained with clay (Lat. 2, iscloudy) and her light is not bright. Thou therefore, since thou art the likeness of Adam, oughtestto ask him: but in me was he contained that I might recover the strength of the female.

6 Now when they came up to the top of the mount, and the Master was withdrawn fromthem a little space, Peter saith unto Mary: Thou art she that hast brought to nought thetransgression of Eve, changing it from shame into joy; it is lawful, therefore, for thee to ask.

7 When Jesus appeared again, Bartholomew saith unto him: Lord, show us the adversaryof men that we may behold him, of what fashion he is, and what is his work, and whence hecometh forth, and what power he hath that he spared not even thee, but caused thee to be hangedupon the tree.

8 But Jesus looked upon him and said: Thou bold heart! thou askest for that which thou art not able to look upon.

9 But Bartholomew was troubled and fell at Jesus' feet and began to speak thus: O lamp that cannot be quenched, Lord Jesus Christ, maker of the eternal light that hast given unto them that love thee the grace that beautifieth all, and hast given us the eternal light by thy coming into the world, that hast accomplished the work of the Father, hast turned the shame-facedness of Adam into mirth, hast done away the sorrow of Eve with a cheerful countenance by thy birth from a virgin: remember not evil against me but grant me the word of mine asking. (Lat. 2, who didst come down into the world, who hast confirmed the eternal word of the Father, who hast called the sadness of joy, who hast made the shame of Eve glad, and restored her by vouchsafing to be contained in the womb.)

10 And as he thus spake, Jesus raised him up and said unto him: Bartholomew, wilt thousee the adversary of men? I tell thee that when thou beholdest him, not thou only but the rest of

11 But they all said unto him: Lord, let us behold him.

12 And he led them down from the Mount of Olives and looked wrathfully upon theangels that keep hell (Tartarus), and beckoned unto Michael to sound the trumpet in the height ofthe heavens. And Michael sounded, and the earth shook, and Beliar came up, being held by 660(560 Gr., 6,064 Lat. 1, 6,060 Lat. 2) angels and bound with fiery chains. 12 And the length ofhim was 1,600 cubits and his breadth 40 (Lat. 1, 300, Slav. 17) cubits (Lat. 2, his length 1,900cubits, his breadth 700, one wing of him 80), and his face was like a lightning of fire and his eyesfull of darkness (like sparks, Slav.). And out of his nostrils came a stinking smoke; and his mouthwas as the gulf of a precipice, and the one of his wings was four-score cubits.

14 And straightway when the apostles saw him, they fell to the earth on their faces and became as dead.

15 But Jesus came near and raised the apostles and gave them a spirit of power, and he saith unto Bartholomew: Come near, Bartholomew, and trample with thy feet on his neck, and he will tell thee his work, what it is, and how he deceiveth men.

16 And Jesus stood afar off with the rest of the apostles.

17 And Barthololmew feared, and raised his voice and said: Blessed be the name of thine immortal kingdom from henceforth even for ever. And when he had spoken, Jesus permitted him, saying: Go and tread upon the neck of Beliar: and Bartholomew ran quickly upon him and trode upon his neck: and Beliar trembled. (For this verse the Vienna MS. has: And Bartholomew raised his voice and said thus: O womb more spacious than a city, wider than the spreading of the heavens, that contained him whom the seven heavens contain not, but thou without pain didst contain sanctified in thy bosom, &c.: evidently out of place. Latin 1 has only: Then did Antichrist tremble and was filled with fury.)

18 And Bartholomew was afraid, and fled, and said unto Jesus: Lord, give me an hem ofthy garments (Lat. 2, the kerchief (?) from thy shoulders) that I may have courage to draw nearunto him.

19 But Jesus said unto him: Thou canst not take an hem of my garments, for these are not my garments which I wore before I was crucified.

20 And Bartholomew said: Lord, I fear lest, like as he spared not thine angels, he swallow me up also.

21 Jesus saith unto him: Were not all things made by my word, and by the will of my Father the spirits were made subject unto Solomon? thou, therefore, being commanded by my word, go in my name and ask him what thou wilt. (lat. 2 omits 20.)

22 [And Bartholomew made the sign of the cross and prayed unto Jesus and went behind him. And Jesus said to him: Draw near. And as Bartholomew drew near, fire was kindled on every side, so that his garments appeared fiery. Jesus saith to Bartholomew: As I said unto thee, tread upon his neck and ask him what is his power.] And Bartholomew went and trode upon his neck, and pressed down his face into the earth as far as his ears.

23 And Bartholomew saith unto him: Tell me who thou art and what is thy name. And he said to him: Lighten me a little, and I will tell thee who I am and how I came hither, and what my work is and what my power is.

24 And he lightened him and saith to him: Say all that thou hast done and all that thou doest.

25 And Beliar answered and said: If thou wilt know my name, at the first I was called Satanael, which is interpreted a messenger of God, but when I rejected the image of God my name was called Satanas, that is, an angel that keepeth hell (Tartarus).

26 And again Bartholomew saith unto him: Reveal unto me all things and hide nothing from me.

27 And he said unto him: I swear unto thee by the power of the glory of God that even if I would hide aught I cannot, for he is near that would convict me. For if I were able I would have destroyed you like one of them that were before you.

28 For, indeed, I was formed (al. called) the first angel: for when God made the heavens, he took a handful of fire and formed me first, Michael second [Vienna MS. here has these sentences: for he had his Son before the heavens and the earth and we were formed (for when he took thought to create all things, his Son spake a word), so that we also were created by the will of the Son and the consent of the Father. He formed, I say, first me, next Michael the chief captain of the hosts that are above], Gabriel third, Uriel fourth, Raphael fifth, Nathanael sixth, and other angels of whom I cannot tell the names. [Jerusalem MS., Michael, Gabriel, Raphael, Uriel, Xathanael, and other 6,000 angels. Lat. I, Michael the honour of power, third Raphael, fourth Gabriel, and other seven. Lat. 2, Raphael third, Gabriel fourth, Uriel fifth, Zathael sixth, and other six.] For they are the rod-bearers (lictors) of God, and they smite me with their rods and pursue me seven times in the night and seven times in the day, and leave me not at all and break in pieces all my power. These are the (twelve, lat. 2) angels of vengeance which stand before the throne of God: these are the angels that were first formed.

30 And after them were formed all the angels. In the first heaven are an hundred myriads, and in the second an hundred myriads, and in the third an hundred myriads, and in the fourth an hundred myriads, and in the fifth an hundred myriads, and in the sixth an hundred myriads, and in the seventh (an hundred myriads, and outside the seven heavens, Jerusalem MS.) is the first firmament (flat surface) wherein are the powers which work upon men.

31 For there are four other angels set over the winds. The first angel is over the north, and he is called Chairoum (. . . broil, Jerusalem MS.; lat. 2, angel of the north, Mauch), and hath in his hand a rod of fire, and restraineth the super-fluity of moisture that the earth be not overmuch wet.

32 And the angel that is over the north is called Oertha (Lat. 2, Alfatha): he hath a torch of fire and putteth it to his sides, and they warm the great coldness of him that he freeze not the world.

33 And the angel that is over the south is called Kerkoutha (Lat. 2, Cedar) and they break his fierceness that he shake not the earth.

34 And the angel that is over the south-west is called Naoutha, and he hath a rod of snow in his hand and putteth it into his mouth, and quencheth the fire that cometh out of his mouth. And if the angel quenched it not at his mouth it would set all the world on fire.

35 And there is another angel over the sea which maketh it rough with the waves thereof.

36 But the

37 Bartholomew saith unto him: Flow chastisest thou the souls of men? 38 Beliar saithunto him: Wilt thou that I declare unto thee the punishment of the hypocrites, of the back-biters,of the jesters, of the idolaters, and the covetous, and the adulterers, and the wizards, and thediviners, and of them that believe in us, and of all whom I look upon (deceive?)?

(38 Lat. 2: When I will show any illusion by them. But they that do these things, and they that consent unto them or follow them, do perish with me.

39 Bartholomew said unto him: Declare quickly how thou persuadest men not to follow God and thine evil arts, that are slippery and dark, that they should leave the straight and shining paths of the Lord.) 39 Bartholomew saith unto him: I will that thou declare it in few words.

40 And he smote his teeth together, gnashing them, and there came up out of the bottomless pit a wheel having a sword flashing with fire, and in the sword were pipes.

41 And I (he) asked him, saying: What is this sword?

42 And he said: This sword is the sword of the gluttonous: for into this pipe are sent they that through their gluttony devise all manner of sin; into the second pipe are sent the backbiters which backbite their neighbour secretly; into the third pipe are sent the hypocrites and the rest whom I overthrow by my contrivance. (Lat. 2:40 And Antichrist said: I will tell thee. And a wheel came up out of the abyss, having seven fiery knives. The first knife hath twelve pipes (canales) . . . 42 Antichrist answered: The pipe of fire in the first knife, in it are put the casters of lots and diviners and enchanters, and they that believe in them or have sought them, because in the iniquity of their heart they have invented false divinations. In the second pipe of fire are first the blasphemers ... suicides ... idolaters.... In the rest are first perjurers . . . (long enumeration).)

43 And Bartholomew said: Dost thou then do these things by thyself alone?

44 And Satan said: If I were able to go forth by myself, I would have destroyed the whole world in three days: but neither I nor any of the six hundred go forth. For we have other swift ministers whom we command, and we furnish them with an hook of many points and send them forth to hunt, and they catch for us souls of men, enticing them with sweetness of divers baits, that is by drunkenness and laughter, by backbiting, hypocrisy, pleasures, fornication, and the rest of the

45 And I will tell thee also the rest of the names of the angels. The angel of the hail iscalled Mermeoth, and he holdeth the hail upon his head, and my ministers do adjure him and sendhim whither they will. And other angels are there over the snow, and other over the thunder, andother over the lightning, and when any spirit of us would go forth either by land or by sea, theseangels send forth fiery stones and set our limbs on fire. (Lat. 2 enumerates all the transgressions

46 Bartholomew saith: Be still (be muzzled) thou dragon of the pit.

47 And Beliar said: Many things will I tell thee of the angels. They that run together throughout the heavenly places and the earthly are these: Mermeoth, Onomatath, Douth, Melioth, Charouth, Graphathas, Oethra, Nephonos, Chalkatoura. With them do fly (are administered?) the things that are in heaven and on earth and under the earth.

48 Bartholomew saith unto him: Be still (be muzzled) and be faint, that I may entreat myLord.

49 And Bartholomew fell upon his face and cast earth upon his head and began to say: O Lord Jesu Christ, the great and glorious name. All the choirs of the angels praise thee, O Master, and I that am unworthy with my lips . . . do praise thee, O Master. Hearken unto me thy servant, and as thou didst choose me from the receipt of custom and didst not suffer me to have my conversation unto the end in my former deeds, O Lord Jesu Christ, hearken unto me and have mercy upon the sinners.

50 And when he had so said, the Lord saith unto him: Rise up, suffer him that groaneth to arise: I will declare the rest unto thee.

51 And Bartholomew raised up Satan and said unto him: Go unto thy place, with thine angels, but the Lord hath mercy upon all his world. (50, 51, again enormously amplified in lat. 2. Satan complains that he has been tricked into telling his secrets before the time. The interpolation is to some extent dated by this sentence: ' Simon Magus and Zaroes and Arfaxir and Jannes and Mambres are my brothers.' Zaroes and Arfaxatare wizards who figure in the Latin Acts of Matthew and of Simon and Jude (see below).

52 But the devil said: Suffer me, and I will tell thee how I was cast down into this placeand how the Lord did make man.

53 I was going to and fro in the world, and God said unto Michael: Bring me a clod from the four corners of the earth, and water out of the four rivers of paradise. And when Michael brought them God formed Adam in the regions of the east, and shaped the clod which was shapeless, and stretched sinews and veins upon it and established it with Joints; and he worshipped him, himself for his own sake first, because he was the image of God, therefore he worshipped him.

54 And when I came from the ends of the earth Michael said: Worship thou the image of God, which he hath made according to his likeness. But I said: I am fire of fire, I was the first angel formed, and shall worship clay and matter?

55 And Michael saith to me: Worship, lest God be wroth with thee. But I said to him: God will not be wroth with me; but I will set my throne over against his throne, and I will be as he is. Then was God wroth with me and cast me down, having commanded the windows of heaven to be opened.

56 And when I was cast down, he asked also the six hundred that were under me, if they would worship: but they said: Like as we have seen the first angel do, neither will we worship him that is less than ourselves. Then were the six hundred also cast down by him with me.

57 And when we were cast down upon the earth we were senseless for forty years, and when the sun shone forth seven times brighter than fire, suddenly I awaked; and I looked about and saw the six hundred that were under me senseless.

58 And I awaked my son Salpsan and took him to counsel how I might deceive the man on whose account I was cast out of the heavens.

59 And thus did I contrive it. I took a vial in mine hand and scraped the sweat from off my breast and the hair of mine armpits, and washed myself (Lat. 2, I took fig leaves in my hands and wiped the sweat from my bosom and below mine arms and cast it down beside the streams of waters. 69 is greatly prolonged in this text) in the springs of the waters whence the four rivers flow out, and Eve drank of it and desire came upon her: for if she had not drunk of that water I should not have been able to deceive her.

61 And Bartholomew came and fell at Jesus' feet and began with tears to say thus: Abba,Father, that art past finding out by us, Word of the Father, whom the seven heavens hardlycontained, but who wast pleased to be contained easily and without pain within the body of theVirgin: whom the Virgin knew not that she bare: thou by thy thought hast ordained all things tobe: thou givest us that which we need before thou art entreated.

62 Thou that didst wear a crown of thorns that thou mightest prepare for us that repent the precious crown from heaven; that didst hang upon the tree, that (a clause gone): (lat. 2, that thou mightest turn from us the tree of lust and concupiscence (etc., etc.). The verse is prolonged for over 40 lines) (that didst drink wine mingled with gall) that thou mightest give us to drink of the wine of compunction, and wast pierced in the side with a spear that thou mightest fill us with thy body and thy blood:

63 Thou that gavest names unto the four rivers: to the first Phison, because of the faith (pistis) which thou didst appear in the world to preach; to the second Geon, for that man was made of earth (ge); to the third Tigris, because by thee was revealed unto us the consubstantial Trinity in the heavens (to make anything of this we must read Trigis); to the fourth Euphrates, because by thy presence in the world thou madest every soul to rejoice (euphranai) through the word of immortality.

64 My God, and Father, the greatest, my King: save, Lord, the sinners.

65 When he had thus prayed Jesus said unto him: Bartholomew, my Father did name me Christ, that I might come down upon earth and anoint every man that cometh unto me with the oil of life: and he did call me Jesus that I might heal every sin of them that know not . . . and give unto men (several corrupt words: the

66 And again Bartholomew saith unto him: Lord, is it lawful for me to reveal thesemysteries unto every man? Jesus saith unto him: Bartholomew, my beloved, as many as arefaithful and are able to keep them unto themselves, to them mayest thou entrust these things. Forsome there are that be worthy of them, but there are also other some unto whom it is not fit toentrust them: for they are vain (swaggerers), drunkards, proud, unmerciful, partakers in idolatry,authors of fornication, slanderers, teachers of foolishness, and doing all works that are of thedevil, and therefore are they not worthy that these should be entrusted to them.

68 And also they are secret, because of those that cannot contain them; for as many as can contain them shall have a part in them. Herein ( Hitherto?) therefore, my beloved, have I spoken unto thee, for blessed art thou and all thy kindred which of their choice have this word entrusted unto them; for all they that of my judgement.

69 Then I, Bartholomew, which wrote these things in mine heart, took hold on the hand of

Glory be to thee, O Lord Jesus Christ, that givest unto all thy grace which all we haveperceived. Alleluia.

Glory be to thee, O Lord, the life of sinners.

Glory be to thee, O Lord, death is put to shame.

Glory be to thee, O Lord, the treasure of righteousness.

For unto God do we sing.

70 And as Bartholomew thus spake again, Jesus put off his mantle and took a kerchieffrom the neck of Bartholomew and began to rejoice and say (70 lat. 2, Then Jesus took a kerchief(?) I and said: I am good: mild and gracious and merciful, strong and righteous, wonderful andholy): I am good. Alleluia. I am meek and gentle. Alleluia. Glory be to thee, O Lord: for Igive gifts unto all them that desire me. Alleluia.

Glory be to thee, O Lord, world without end. Amen. Alleluia.

71 And when he had ceased, the apostles kissed him, and he gave them the peace oflove.

VI

1 Bartholomew saith unto him: Declare unto us, Lord what sin is heavier than all sins?

2 Jesus saith unto him: Verily I say unto thee that hypocrisy and backbiting is heavier than all sins: for because of them, the prophet said in the psalm, that 'the ungodly shall not rise in the judgement, neither sinners in the council of the righteous', neither the ungodly in the judgement of my Father. Verily, verily, I say unto you, that every sin shall be forgiven unto every man, but the sin against the Holy Ghost shall not be forgiven.

3 And Bartholomew saith unto him: What is the sin against the Holy Ghost?

4 Jesus saith unto him: Whosoever shall decree against any man that hath served my holy Father hath blasphemed against the Holy Ghost: For every man that serveth God worshipfully is worthy of the Holy Ghost, and he that speaketh anything evil against him shall not be forgiven.

5 Woe unto him that sweareth by the head of God, yea woe (?) to him that swearethfalsely by him truly. For there are twelve heads of God the most high: for he is the truth, and inhim is no lie, neither forswearing.

6 Ye, therefore, go ye and preach unto all the world the word of truth, and thou, Bartholomew, preach this word unto every one that desireth it; and as many as

7 Bartholomew saith: O Lord, and if any sin with sin of the body, what is their reward?

8 And Jesus said: It is good if he that is baptized present his baptism blameless: but the pleasure of the flesh will become a lover. For a single marriage belongeth to sobriety: for verily I say unto thee, he that sinneth after the third marriage (wife) is unworthy of God. (8 Lat. 2 is to this effect: . . . But if the lust of the flesh come upon him, he ought to be the husband of one wife. The married, if they are good and pay tithes, will receive a hundredfold. A second marriage is lawful, on condition of the diligent performance of good works, and due payment of tithes: but a third marriage is reprobated: and virginity is best.)

9 But ye, preach ye unto every man that they keep themselves from such things: for I depart not from you and I do supply you with the Holy Ghost. (lat. 2, At the end of 9, Jesus ascends in the clouds, and two angels appear and say: 'Ye men of Galilee', and the rest )

10 And Bartholomew worshipped him with the apostles, and glorified God earnestly, saying: Glory be to thee, Holy Father, Sun unquenchable, incomprehensible, full of light. Unto thee be glory, unto thee honour and adoration, world without end. Amen. (Lat. 2, End of the questioning of the most blessed Bartholomew and (or) the other apostles with the Lord Jesus Christ.)

THE BOOK OF THE RESURRECTION OF CHRIST
BY BARTHOLOMEW THEAPOSTLE

Introduction: This exists in Coptic only. There are several recessions of it: the most complete is in amanuscript recently acquired by the British Museum (Or. 6804), and translated first by W. E.Crum (Rustafjaell's light of Egypt, 1910) and then edited and translated by Sir E. A. Wallis Budge(Coptic Apocrypha in the dialect of Upper Egypt, 1913). Other fragments are in the publicationsof Lacau and Revillout. No full translation, but only an analysis, will be offered here. Five leavesare wanting at the beginning of the British Museum MS. The contents of these can be partly filledup from Lacau and Revillout. But in the first place a passage (p. 193, Budge) may be quotedwhich shows something of the setting of the book: 'Do not let this book come into the hand ofany man who is an unbeliever and a heretic. Behold this is the seventh time that I havecommanded thee, O my son Thaddaeus, concerning these mysteries. Reveal not thou them to anyimpure man, but keep them safely. ' We see that the book was addressed by Bartholomew to hisson Thaddaeus, and this would no doubt have been the subject of some of the opening lines of the

Next we may place the two fragments, one about the child of Joseph of Arimathaea, theother about the cock raised to life, which have been already described as nos. 7 and 8 of theCoptic narratives of the Passion (pp. 149, 150). The order is uncertain. Then we have a piecewhich in Revillout is no. 12 (p. 165), in Lacauno. 3 (p. 34). Lacau gives it partly in tworecessions.

Christ is on the cross, but his side has been pierced, and he is dead.

A man in the crowd named Ananias, of Bethlehem, rushes to the cross and embraces andsalutes the body breast to breast, hand to hand, and denounces the Jews. A voice comes from thebody of Jesus and blesses Ananias, promising him incorruption and the name of ' the first fruits ofthe immortal fruit '. The priests decide to stone Ananias: he utters words of exultation. Thestoning produces no effect. They cast him into a furnace where he remains till Jesus has risen. Atlast they pierce him with a spear.

The Saviour takes his soul to heaven, and blesses him.

There can be but little matter lost between this and the opening of the British MuseumMS., in the first lines of which the taking of Ananias' soul to heaven is mentioned.

We now take up the British Museum MS. as our basis. Certain passages of it arepreserved in Paris fragments which partly overlap each other, and so three different texts exist forsome parts: but it will not be important for our purpose to note many of the variations.

Joseph of Arimathaea buried the body of Jesus. Death came into Amente (theunderworld), asking who the new arrival was, for he detected a disturbance.

He came to the tomb of Jesus with his six sons in the form of serpents. Jesus lay there (itwas the second day, i. e. the Saturday) with his face and head covered with napkins.

Death addressed his son the Pestilence, and described the commotion which had takenplace in his domain. Then he spoke to the body of Jesus and asked, 'Who art thou?' Jesusremoved the napkin that was on his face and looked in the face of Death and laughed at him.Death and his sons fled. Then they approached again, and the same thing happened. Headdressed Jesus again at some length, suspecting, but not certain, who he was.

Then Jesus rose and mounted into the chariot of the Cherubim. He wrought havoc inHell, breaking the doors, binding the demons Beliar and Melkir (cf. Melkira in the Ascension ofIsaiah), and delivered Adam and the holy souls.

Then he turned to Judas Iscariot and uttered a long rebuke, and described the sufferingswhich he must endure. Thirty names of sins are given, which are the snakes which were sent todevour him.

The Gospel Of Bartholomew

Jesus rose from the dead, and Abbaton (Death) and Pestilence came back to Amente toprotect it, but they found it wholly desolate, only three souls were left in it (those of Herod, Cain,and Judas, says the Paris MS.).

Meanwhile the angels were singing the hymn which the Seraphim sing at dawn on theLord's day over his body and his blood.

Early in the morning of the Lord's day the women went to the tomb. They were MaryMagdalene, Mary the mother of James whom Jesus delivered out of the hand of Satan, Salomewho tempted him, Mary who ministered to him and Martha her sister, Joanna (al. Susanna) thewife of Chuza who had renounced the marriage bed, Berenice who was healed of an issue ofblood in Capernaum, Lia (Leah) the widow whose son he raised at Nain, and the woman to whomhe said, 'Thy sins which are many are forgiven thee'.

These were all in the garden of Philogenes, whose son Simeon Jesus healed when he camedown from the Mount of Olives with the apostles (probably the lunatic boy at the Mount ofTransfiguration).

Mary said to Philogenes: If thou art indeed he, I know thee. Philogenes said: Thou artMary the mother of Thalkamarimath, which means joy, blessing, and gladness. Mary said: If thouhave borne him away, tell me where thou hast laid him and I will take him away: fear not.Philogenes told how the Jews sought a safe tomb for Jesus that the body might not be stolen, andhe offered to place it in a tomb in his own garden and watch over it: and they sealed it anddeparted. At midnight he rose and went out and found all the orders of angels: CherubimSeraphim, Powers, and Virgins. Heaven opened, and the Father raised Jesus. Peter, too, wasthere and supported Philogenes, or he would have died.

The Saviour then appeared to them on the chariot of the Father and said to Mary: MariKhar Mariath (Mary the mother of the Son of God). Mary answered: Rabbouni KathiathariMioth (The Son of God the Almighty, my Lord, and my Son.). A long address to Mary fromJesus follows, in the course of which he bids her tell his brethren, 'I ascend unto my Father andyour Father', &c. Mary says: If indeed I am not permitted to touch thee, at least bless my body inwhich thou didst deign to dwell.

Believe me, my brethren the holy apostles, I, Bartholomew beheld the Son of God on thechariot of the Cherubim. All the heavenly hosts were about him. He blessed the body ofMary.

She went and gave the message to the apostles, and Peter blessed her, and theyrejoiced.

Jesus and the redeemed souls ascended into Heaven, and the Father crowned him. Theglory of this scene Bartholomew could not describe. It is here that he enjoins his son Thaddaeusnot to let this book fall into the hands of the impure (quoted above).

Then follows a series of hymns sung in heaven, eight in all, which accompany thereception of Adam and the other holy souls into glory. Adam was eighty cubits high and Evefifty. They were brought to the Father by Michael. Bartholomew had never seen anything tocompare with the beauty and Glory of Adam, save that of Jesus. Adam was forgiven, and all theangels and saints rejoiced and saluted him, and departed each to their place.

Adam was set at the gate of life to greet all the righteous as they enter, and Eve was setover all the women who had done the will of God, to greet them as they come into the city ofChrist.

As for me, Bartholomew, I remained many days without food or drink, nourished by theglory of the vision.

The apostles thanked and blessed Bartholomew for what he had told them: he should becalled the apostle of the mysteries of God. But he protested: I am the least of you all, a humbleworkman. Will not the people of the city say when they see me, 'Is not this Bartholomew the manof Italy, the gardener the dealer in vegetables? Is not this the man that dwelleth in the garden ofHierocrates the governor of our city? How has he attained this greatness?

'The next words introduce a new section.

At the time when Jesus took us up into the Mount of Olives he spoke to us in an unknowntongue, which he revealed to us, saying: Anetharath (or Atharath Thaurath). The heavens wereopened and we all went up into the seventh heaven (so the London MS.: in the Paris copy onlyJesus went up, and the apostles gazed after him). He prayed the Father to bless us.

The Father, with the Son and the Holy Ghost, laid His hand on the head of Peter (andmade him archbishop of the whole world: Paris B). All that is bound or loosed by him on earthshall be so in heaven; none who is not ordained by him shall be accepted. Each of the apostleswas separately blessed (there are omissions of single names in one or other of the three texts). Andrew, James, John, Philip (the cross will precede him wherever he goes), Thomas,Bartholomew (he will be the depositary of the mysteries of the Son), Matthew (his shadow willheal the sick) James son of Alphaeus, Simon Zelotes, Judas of James, Thaddeus, Matthias whowas rich and left all to follow Jesus).

And now, my brethren the apostles, forgive me: I, Bartholomew, am not a man to behonoured.

The apostles kissed and blessed him. And then, with Mary, they offered the Eucharist.

The Father sent the Son down into Galilee to console the apostles and Mary: and he cameand blessed them and showed them his wounds, and committed them to the care of Peter, andgave them their commission to preach. They kissed his side and sealed themselves with the bloodthat flowed thence. He went up to heaven.

Thomas was not with them, for he had departed to his city, hearing that his son Siophanes(Theophanes?) was dead: it was the seventh day since the death when he arrived. He went to thetomb and raised him in the name of Jesus.

Siophanes told him of the taking of his soul by Michael: how it sprang from his body andlighted on the hand of Michael, who wrapped it in a fine linen cloth: how he crossed the river offire and it seemed to him as water, and was washed thrice in the Acherusian lake: how in heavenhe saw the twelve splendid thrones of the apostles, and was not permitted to sit on his father'sthrone.

Thomas and he went into the city to the consternation of all who saw them. He,Siophanes, addressed the people and told his story: and Thomas baptized 12,000 of them,founded a church, and made Siophanes its bishop.

Gospel Of Bartholomew

Then Thomas mounted on a cloud and it took him to the Molmtof Olives and to theapostles, who told him of the visit of Jesus: and he would not believe. Bartholomew admonishedhim. Then Jesus appeared, and made Thomas touch his wounds: and departed into heaven.

This is the second time that he showed himself to his disciples after that he had risen fromthe dead.

This is the Book of the Resurrection of Jesus the Christ, our Lord, in joy and gladness. Inpeace. Amen.

Peter said to the apostles: Let us offer the offering before we separate. They prepared thebread, the cup, and incense.

Peter stood by the sacrifice and the others round the Table. They waited (break in thetext: Budge and others suppose an appearance of Christ, but I do not think this is correct: 4 1/2lines are gone then there are broken words):

The gospel of bartholomewrejected scriptures worship

table . . . their hearts rejoiced . . . worshipped the Son of God. He took his seat . . . hisFather (probably, who sitteth at the right hand of the Father). His Body was on the Table aboutwhich they were assembled; and they divided it. They saw the blood of Jesus pouring out asliving blood down into the cup. Peter said: God hath loved us more than all, in letting us seethese great honours: and our Lord Jesus Christ hath allowed us to behold and hath revealed to usthe glory of his body and his divine blood. They partook of the body and blood-and then theyseparated and preached the word. (What is clearly indicated is a change in the elements: there isnot room for a description of an appearance of Jesus: he says no word, and his departure is notmentioned.)

This writing may be better described as a rhapsody than a narrative. It bristles withcontradictions of itself: Joseph and Philogenes both bury Jesus- Thomas raises the dead and willnot believe in Christ's resurrection: and so forth. That Mary the mother of Jesus is identified withMary Magdalene is typical of the disregard of history, and we have seen it in other Copticdocuments. The interest of the authors centred in the hymns, blessings, salutations, and prayers,which in this analysis have been wholly omitted, but which occupy a large part of the original text.The glorification of St. Bartholomew is another purpose of the writer: the special blessings givento him recall the attitude which he takes in the Gospel (i. 1, 8) as inquiring into the mysteries ofheaven, and seeing things which are hidden from others. Both Gospel and Book are speciallyinterested in the Descent into Hell, the Resurrection, and the redemption of Adam.

The Gospel Of Bartholomewrejected Scriptures Study

Bartholomew (Nathanael) was told (in St. John's Gospel) that he would see the angelsascending and descending upon the Son of Man. This promise is fulfilled in the Gospel (i. 6, 231and very often in the Book: in St. John we also read of his being 'under the fig-tree', and this wasprobably enough to suggest to the Coptic author of the Book that he was a gardener.

A date is hard to suggest. The British Museum MS. is assigned to the twelfth century; theParis fragments are older. That of the Coptic literature of this class is usually supposed to belongto the fifth and sixth centuries; and I think this, or at latest the seventh century, may be the periodwhen the book was produced.

The Gospel Of Bartholomewrejected Scriptures Worship

Scanned and Edited by Joshua Williams, Northwest Nazarene College, 1995
Corrected by Lance S. Owens, 2011