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ELinks:About Community Documentation Download FAQ Feedback News Search

ELinks is an advanced and well-established feature-rich text mode web(HTTP/FTP/..) browser. ELinks can render both frames and tables, is highlycustomizable and can be extended via Lua orGuile scripts. It is quiteportable and runs on a variety of platforms. Check the aboutpage for a more complete description.

Links is the name of a series of golf simulation computer games, first developed by Access Software, and then later by Microsoft after it acquired Access Software in 1999. Microsoft also produced its own series of golf games based on Links, under the title Microsoft. Grade Level Links.

ELinks is an Open Source project covered bythe GNU General Public License. Itoriginates from theLinks projectwritten by Mikulas Patocka.

If you want to see ELinks in action check out thescreenshots.

Found a bug? Please see the feedback page forinformation about filing bug reports.

Current status of ELinks

The current unstable version is 0.12pre6, released on 2012-10-30.
The latest stable version is 0.11.7, released on 2009-08-22.

All are available from the download page. A summary ofthe major changes in the various versions is available onthe release info page

What's new?

[2009-08-22] ELinks 0.11.7
[2009-05-31] ELinks 0.12pre4
[2009-03-21] ELinks 0.11.6

Getting started

If you are new to ELinks you might want to check out thedocumentation page for hints on usage andconfiguration. Installation instructions are available at theinstallation page. For further helpplease subscribe to the elinks-users mailinglist.

See the feedback page for information on contacting us. Copyright © 2002-2008 ELinks; Licensed under GPL.

Last Modified: 30-Oct-2012 19:56:01 EEST. Validate: CSSXHTML.

Links are found in nearly all web pages. Links allow users to click their way from page to page.

HTML Links - Hyperlinks

HTML links are hyperlinks.

You can click on a link and jump to another document.

When you move the mouse over a link, the mouse arrow will turn into a little hand.

Note: A link does not have to be text. A link can be an image or any other HTML element!

HTML Links - Syntax

The HTML <a> tag defines a hyperlink. It has the following syntax:

The most important attribute of the <a> element is the href attribute, which indicates the link's destination.

The link text is the part that will be visible to the reader.

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Clicking on the link text, will send the reader to the specified URL address.


This example shows how to create a link to

<a href=''>Visit!</a>
Try it Yourself »

By default, links will appear as follows in all browsers:

  • An unvisited link is underlined and blue
  • A visited link is underlined and purple
  • An active link is underlined and red

Tip: Links can of course be styled with CSS, to get another look!

HTML Links - The target Attribute

By default, the linked page will be displayed in the current browser window. To change this, you must specify another target for the link.

The target attribute specifies where to open the linked document.

The target attribute can have one of the following values:

  • _self - Default. Opens the document in the same window/tab as it was clicked
  • _blank - Opens the document in a new window or tab
  • _parent - Opens the document in the parent frame
  • _top - Opens the document in the full body of the window


Use target='_blank' to open the linked document in a new browser window or tab:

<a href='' target='_blank'>Visit W3Schools!</a>
Try it Yourself »

Absolute URLs vs. Relative URLs

Both examples above are using an absolute URL (a full web address) in the href attribute.

A local link (a link to a page within the same website) is specified with a relative URL (without the 'https://www' part):


<h2>Absolute URLs</h2>
<p><a href=''>W3C</a></p>
<p><a href=''>Google</a></p>
<h2>Relative URLs</h2>
<p><a href='html_images.asp'>HTML Images</a></p>
<p><a href='/css/default.asp'>CSS Tutorial</a></p>
Try it Yourself »

HTML Links - Use an Image as a Link

To use an image as a link, just put the <img> tag inside the <a> tag:


<a href='default.asp'>
<img src='smiley.gif' alt='HTML tutorial'>
Try it Yourself »Pivot

Link to an Email Address

Use mailto: inside the href attribute to create a link that opens the user's email program (to let them send a new email):


<a href='mailto:[email protected]'>Send email</a>
Try it Yourself »

Button as a Link

To use an HTML button as a link, you have to add some JavaScript code.

JavaScript allows you to specify what happens at certain events, such as a click of a button:


<button>HTML Tutorial</button>
Try it Yourself »Links     the pivot corners

Tip: Learn more about JavaScript in our JavaScript Tutorial.

Link Titles

The title attribute specifies extra information about an element. The information is most often shown as a tooltip text when the mouse moves over the element.


<a href=''>Visit our HTML Tutorial</a>
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More on Absolute URLs and Relative URLs


Use a full URL to link to a web page:

<a href=''>HTML tutorial</a>

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Link to a page located in the html folder on the current web site:


Link to a page located in the same folder as the current page:

You can read more about file paths in the chapter HTML File Paths.

Chapter Summary

  • Use the <a> element to define a link
  • Use the href attribute to define the link address
  • Use the target attribute to define where to open the linked document
  • Use the <img> element (inside <a>) to use an image as a link
  • Use the mailto: scheme inside the href attribute to create a link that opens the user's email program

HTML Link Tags

Nbsp Means

<a>Defines a hyperlink

For a complete list of all available HTML tags, visit our HTML Tag Reference.