4: Fundamentals

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Azure Fundamentals part 4: Describe general security and network security features. Learning Path 3 Modules Beginner Administrator Developer Business Analyst Business User Solutions Architect Azure Having a good security strategy is essential in today's digital world. Fundamental definition is - serving as a basis supporting existence or determining essential structure or function: basic. How to use fundamental in a sentence.

When you’re in high-growth mode it can be easy to put your energy toward running the day-to-day business and table plans to focus on people and organizational issues until things calm down. But do they ever?

In order to scale rapid growth within an organization, emerging leaders must be actively identified and developed. A core focus for the established leadership team should be to inspire additional leaders from the bench, not to amass more followers.

Many maintain leaders are born that way, while others believe leadership is an acquired skill. I believe it’s a combination, as long as you have the drive in your DNA. It’s your experiences, choices, opportunities and vision that drive this DNA to the forefront and help you achieve those coveted leadership skills.

Related: 4 Ways to Start Preparing the Future Leaders of Your Organization Now

Here are four fundamentals that can help you evolve from a good manager to a great leader.

1. Listen, empathize and form emotional connections. Leaders learn a lot about their organizations just by listening and empathizing with employees.

As a leader, I believe it’s critical to involve and deeply consider many different points of view when embarking on a change, decision, or new direction.

Put yourself in the shoes of not only the person sitting across from you in the boardroom but those of every employee, customer, partner and shareholder.


Taking on issues from many points of view up, down and across the organizational chart helps you not only fully grasp what’s ahead and find new solutions but enables you to connect individuals and teams to a cause bigger than themselves.

2. Create a common vision. Strong management is unquestionably an important business skill but one that can sometimes be confused with leadership.

Good managers run a tight and organized ship and drive teams to produce intended results but that doesn’t necessarily imply leadership. There are many distinctions between a good manager and great leader, key among them is the ability to clearly communicate a vision, and subsequently motivate others to get behind it.

Once that vision is developed, just stating it isn’t enough. Translate the vision to your team through the use of tangible metaphors, shared experiences or common ideas. This brings concepts to life and helps the team buy in to the idea of tackling something large together.

Related: 6 Key Tips for Leading by Example

3. Inspire yourself first and others will follow. To inspire someone implies motivating them to go past what they thought was the limit of their capabilities. But it’s difficult to inspire action or change in others if you’re unable to find inspiration yourself.

Being willing to try new things outside your comfort zone ensures you’re continuously challenged, constantly learning and finding success in new areas.

By pushing ourselves first, we can drive every individual and the broader organization to deliver more than they thought possible. Inspiring others beyond their comfort zones will help your team achieve great things.

4. Building the team. As I’ve moved across organizations and roles, I’ve often found myself staring at the task of building a new product, team or business. Pondering the enormity of the task after one change, I received some valuable advice. A mentor simply said, “You have to bring the band together first, and the music will follow.”


Management often focuses on the predetermined milestones they want to hit, whether it’s a certain level of revenue, launching a product or expanding into a region. They then determine the human capital needed to achieve these goals and focus on staffing up teams.

That’s backward. The band should always come first. Once a high-functioning team is in place and aligned around a common vision, the music will follow. There may be detours, but with the right team in place, you’ll find they’re inspired to do more together and better than ever possible on their own.

4: Fundamentals

4 Fundamentals Of Coffee

Don’t fall back on the belief that leaders are born, not bred. Regardless of how you’ve viewed your leadership potential in the past, each of us has the ability to hone and nurture skills to become a great leader.

Related: What Bad Managers, Good Managers and Great Managers Do

It's not just the machine that makes great coffee. The 'four fundamentals' of proportion, grind, water and freshness are even more important.

Armed with a little coffee knowledge, you can create great coffee with a coffee press, home brewer or espresso machine.


Use the right proportion of coffee to water – this is the most important step in making great coffee. For the most flavorful cup, we recommend 10 grams of coffee for every 180 milliliters of water. If coffee brewed this way is too strong for your taste, you can add a little hot water to your cup of brewed coffee.

Use 10 grams of coffee for 180 milliliters of water. Two tablespoons equals roughly to 10 grams.


Different brewing methods have different grind requirements, but in general – the shorter the brew time, the finer the grind. For example, coffee ground for an espresso machine should be very fine, because the brew cycle is only 18-23 seconds long. But for a coffee press, the coffee should be ground coarsely, because the water and coffee are in direct contact for four minutes.

  • Espresso machines: Fine grind
  • Drip coffee makers: Medium grind
  • Coffee press: Coarse grind

The shorter the brew time, the finer the grind.


A cup of coffee is 98 percent water. So the water you use to make coffee should taste clean, fresh, and free of impurities. Water heated to just off a boil (90° to 96° C) is perfect for extracting the coffee’s full range of flavors. Any cooler and the water can’t adequately do the job.

Clean water, better coffee.


Coffee is fresh produce, and its enemies are oxygen, light, heat, and moisture. To keep coffee fresh, store it in an opaque, airtight container at room temperature. You can store it that way for up to a week. For the best results, coffee should be ground just before brewing.

Fresh coffee is less than one week old.

4 Fundamentals Of Coffee


4 Fundamentals Of Marksmanship